Mary Hays



BOOKS by Mary Hays:

Cursory Remarks on an Enquiry into the Expediency and Propriety of Public or Social Worship: Inscribed to Gilbert Wakefield, as Eusebia. London: Thomas Knott, 1791.

Letters and Essays, Moral and Miscellaneous. By Mary and Elizabeth Hays. London: T. Knott, 1793; facsimile, New York: Garland, 1974.

Memoirs of Emma Courtney. 2 volumes. London: G.G. & J. Robinson, 1796; New York: Hugh M. Griffith, 1802; facsimile, New York: Garland, 1974.

Memoirs of Emma Courtney. London: Pandora, 1987.

Memoirs of Emma Courtney. Ed. Eleanor Ty. Oxford: World's Classics, 1996.

Memoirs of Emma Courtney. Ed. Marilyn L. Brooks. Peterborough, ON: Broadview, 2000.

Appeal to the Men of Great Britain in Behalf of Women. Anonymous. London: J. Johnson, 1798; facsimile, New York: Garland, 1974.

The Victim of Prejudice. 2 volumes. London: J. Johnson, 1799; facsimile, Delmar, N.Y.: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1990.

The Victim of Prejudice. Ed. Eleanor Ty. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 1994.

Female Biography; or, Memoirs of Illustrious and Celebrated Women, of all Ages and Countries. 6 volumes. London: Richard Phillips, 1803; 3 volumes, Philadelphia: Byrch & Small, 1807.

Harry Clinton: A Tale of Youth. London: J. Johnson for T. Bensley, 1804.

History of England, from the Earliest Records, to the Peace of Amiens: in a Series of Letters to a Young Lady at School. 3 vols.; vols. 1 & 2 by Charlotte Smith, vol. 3 by Hays. London: J.G. Barnard for Richard Phillips, 1806.

Historical Dialogues for Young Persons. 3 volumes. London: J. Johnson with J. Mawman, 1806-08.

The Brothers; or Consequences: A Story of What Happens Every Day; Addressed to that Most Useful Part of the Community, the Labouring Poor. Bristol: Prudent Man's Friend Society, 1815.

Family Annals; or the Sisters. London: Simpkin & Marshall, 1817.

Memoirs of Queens, Illustrious and Celebrated. London: T. & J. Allman, 1821.

The Idea of Being Free: A Mary Hays Reader. Ed. Gina Luria Walker. Peterborough: Broadview, 2006.

OTHER (Selected):

"Mary Wollstonecraft," in The Annual Necrology for 1797-8; Including Also, Various Articles of Neglected Biography. London: Richard Phillips, 1800.

"Life of Charlotte Smith," with Charlotte Smith, unsigned, in Public Characters of 1800-1801. London: Richard Phillips, 1807.


"A Sonnet" [Ah let not Hope]. Universal Magazine 77 (Dec. 1785): 329.

"Ode to her Bullfinch." Universal Magazine 77 (Dec. 1785): 329.

"The Hermit: An Oriental Tale." The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure 78 (April 1786): 204-208; (May 1786): 234-238.

"Reply to J. T. on Helvetius," as M.H. The Monthly Magazine 1 (June 1796): 385-387.

"Remarks on A.B. Strictures on the Talents of Women," as A Woman. The Monthly Magazine 2 (July 1796): 469-470.

"The Talents of Women." The Monthly Magazine 2 (November 1796): 784-787.

"Defence of Helvetius," as M.H. The Monthly Magazine 3 (January 1797): 26-28.

"Improvements Suggested in Female Education," as M.H. The Monthly Magazine 3 (March 1797): 193-195.

"Are Mental Talents Productive of Happiness?" as M.H. The Monthly Magazine 3 (May 1797): 358-360.

"On Novel Writing," as M.H. The Monthly Magazine 4 (September 1797): 180-181.

Obituary of Mary Wollstonecraft, anonymous. The Monthly Magazine (September 1797): 232-233.

"Remarks on Dr. Reid on Insanity." The Monthly Magazine. 9 (1800): 523-24.


The Love-Letters of Mary Hays (1779-1780). Ed. A.F. Wedd London: Methuen, 1925.


Blain, Virginia, Isobel Grundy, & Patricia Clements, eds. The Feminist Companion to Literature in English: Women Writers from the Middle Ages to the Present. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.

Butler, Marilyn. Jane Austen and the War of Ideas. Oxford: Clarendon, 1975; rprnt 1989.

Doody, Margaret Anne. "English Women Novelists and the French Revolution." La femme en Angleterre et dans les colonies américaines aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles. Paris: Actes du Colloque tenir à Paris, Université de Lille III, 1975. 176-198.

Fisk, Nicole Plyler. "'A Wild, Wick Slip She Was': The Passionate Female in Wuthering Heights and The Memoirs of Emma Courtney." Bronte Studies 31.2: 133-43.

Hoagwood, Terence Allan. Introduction to Victim of Prejudice by Mary Hays. Delmar, N.Y: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1990.

Johnson, Claudia L. Jane Austen: Women, Politics, and the Novel. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Jones, Vivien. "Placing Jemima: Women Writers of the 1790s and the Eighteenth-Century Prostitution Narrative." Women's Writing 4.2 (1997): 201-220.

Jones, Vivien. "‘The Tyranny of Passions': Feminism and Heterosexuality in the Fiction of Wollstonecraft and Hays." Political Gender: Texts and Contexts. Eds. Sally Ledger, Josephine McDonagh and Jane Spencer. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994. 173-188.

Kelly, Gary. English Fiction of the Romantic Period 1789-1830. London: Longman Literature in English Series, 1989.

Kelly, Gary. "Mary Hays." Dictionary of Literary Biography 158: British Reform Writers, 1789-1832. Ed. Gary Kelly and Edd Applegate. Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1996. 124-130.

Kelly, Gary. Women, Writing, and Revolution 1790-1827. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Kucich, Greg. "Women's Historiography and the (Dis)embodiment of Law: Ann Yearsley, Mary Hays, Elizabeth Benger." Wordsworth Circle 33 (2002).

Logan, Peter Melville. Nerves and Narratives: A Cultural History of Hysteria in Nineteenth-Century British Prose. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Luria, Gina. "Mary Hays: A Critical Biography." Ph.D. thesis. New York University, 1972.

Luria, Gina. "Mary Hays's Letters & Manuscripts." Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 3.2 (Winter 1977): 524-530.

McDonald, Lynn, ed. "Theorists on Revolution: Catharine Macaulay, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Hays, Marie Jeanne-Roland, Gemaine de Stael, Sophie Grouchy de Condorcet." Women Theorists on Society and Politics. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1998.

Mellor, Anne K. Romanticism And Gender. New York: Routledge, 1993.

Nowka, Scott A. "Materialism and Feminism in Mary Hays's Memoirs of Emma Courtney." European Romantic Review 18.4 (2007): 521-540.

Pollin, Burton R. "Mary Hays on Women's Rights in the Monthly Magazine." Etudes Anglaises 24.3 (1971): 271-282.

Rajan, Tilottama. "Autonarration and Genotext in Mary Hays' Memoirs of Emma Courtney." Studies in Romanticism 32.2 (Summer 1993): 149-176.

Rogers, Katharine M. "The Contribution of Mary Hays." Prose Studies 10.2 (Sept. 1987): 131-142.

Sharma, Anjana. "A Different Voice: Mary Hays's The Memoirs of Emma Courtney." Women's Writing 8.1 (2001): 139-67.

Sherman, Sandra. "The Feminization of ‘Reason' in Hays's The Victim of Prejudice." The Centennial Review XLI. No. 1 (Winter 1997): 143-172.

Sherman, Sandra. "The Law, Confinement, and Disruptive Excess in Hays' The Victim of Prejudice." 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era. Vol. 5. New York: AMS Press, 1998.

Spencer, Jane. The Rise of the Woman Novelist: From Aphra Behn to Jane Austen. Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.

Spender, Dale. Mothers of the Novel: 100 Good Women Writers before Jane Austen. New York: Pandora, 1986.

Todd, Janet, ed. A Dictionary of British and American Women Writers 1660-1800. Totowa, N.J.: Rowman & Littlefield, 1987.

Todd, Janet. The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing and Fiction, 1660-1800. London: Virago, 1989.

Tompkins, J.M.S. The Popular Novel in England 1770-1800. London: Constable, 1932.

Ty, Eleanor. "Female Philosophy Refunctioned: Elizabeth Hamilton's Parodic Novel." Ariel: A Review of International English Literature 22.4 (October 1991):111-129.

Ty, Eleanor. "The Imprisoned Female Body in Mary Hays' The Victim of Prejudice." Women, Revolution and the Novels of the 1790s. Ed. Linda Lang-Peralta. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1999. 133-153.

Ty, Eleanor. "Mary Hays." Dictionary of Literary Biography 142: Eighteenth-Century British Literary Biographers. Ed. Steven Serafin. Detroit: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1994. 152-160.

Ty, Eleanor. Unsex'd Revolutionaries: Five Women Novelists of the 1790s. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993.

Walker, Gina Luria. Mary Hays (1759-1843): The Growth of a Woman's Mind. Ashgate, 2006.

Waters, Mary A. "'The First of a New Genus': Mary Wollstonecraft as a Literary Critic and Mentor to Mary Hays." Eighteenth-Century Studies 37.3 (Spring 2004): 415-434.

Watson, Nicola J. Revolution and the Form of the British Novel, 1790-1825: Intercepted Letters, Interrupted Seductions. Oxford: Clarendon, 1994.

Compiled by Eleanor Ty in 2000. Last update December 2010.

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